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Taba sigari ya zama gama gari a duniya, kuma ƙimar sigari na lantarki "rage cutarwa" yana nunawa

A halin yanzu, yayin da jama'a ke ƙara neman lafiya, ƙasashe a duniya suna ƙara hana sigari na gargajiya. Daga cikin mambobi 194 na WHO, mambobi 181 sun amince da Yarjejeniyar Tsarin Mulki kanTaba sigari, wanda ke dauke da kashi 90% na yawan mutanen duniya. Kasashe a hankali suna kirkirar nasu rage hayaki ko ma da shirin rashin hayaki.

Amma a cikin gaskiyar da ba za a iya musuntawa ba, a halin yanzu akwai kimanin mashaya sigari na gargajiya biliyan ɗaya a duniya. Idan babu wasu abubuwa na daban ko kari ga wasu kayayyaki don samarwa masu amfani da taba sigari na gargajiya zabi da dama da dama, zai yi matukar wahala a cimma raguwar yawan shan sigari ko ma shirin da ba na shan sigari da kasashe daban-daban suka tsara. Fitowar kayayyakin sigari na lantarki ya cika wannan sarari a ma'ana.

A halin yanzu, duniya e-sigariana iya raba kayayyakin gida biyu: mara hayaki da hayaki gwargwadon amfani da su. Daga cikin su, akwai kayan hayaki bisa ga ka'idodin aikin su, wanda za'a iya raba shi zuwa nau'i biyu: sigari na atomatik da sigarin lantarki mai ƙone-ƙone (HNB). Sigari masu atomatik masu amfani da lantarki suna samar da gas ta hanyar sanya kwayar atom domin mutane su sha taba; Siginan HNB na lantarki suna samar da gas ta hanyar zafin taba, wanda yake kusa da hayaƙi na ainihi. Dangane da wannan, sigari na atomatik na lantarki ya bambanta da sigarin gargajiya. Sigin din HNB na lantarki ya bambanta ne kawai ta yadda suke samar da hayaki.

Sabili da haka, a wannan ma'anar, sigarin sigari na lantarki wakilin wakilcin samfuran sigari ne na lantarki. A cikin wannan rahoton, sai dai in an faɗi wani abu dabam, kayayyakin sigari na lantarki sigari ne masu atomatik.

Rage cutarwa”Shine darajar kasuwar sigari na lantarki

Tun kafuwarta a 2003, e-sigarikayayyakin sun sha fiye da shekaru goma na ci gaba. Samfurin samfurin ya zama cikakke kuma cikakke, kuma ayyuka da gogewa suna ci gaba da haɓakawa. Musamman, halayen “rage cutarwa” nasigarin e-sigari a hankali sun sami kasuwa da sanannun hukumomi.

Idan aka kwatanta da sigarin gargajiya, sigari na lantarki ba ya ƙonewa, ba ya ƙunsar kwalta, kuma ba ya ƙunsar sama da sinadarai 460 waɗanda za su iya haifar da cututtukan da suka shafi numfashi da na zuciya da jijiyoyin jini idan sigarin na yau da kullun ya ƙone, don haka kawar da carcinogens a cikin sigari na yau da kullun. .

Nazarin CDC a Amurka ya yi imanin cewa abubuwan da ke cikin takamaiman nitrosamine metabolite na NNAL a cikin fitsarin masu amfani da sigari / tururi e-sigari (ENDS) sun yi ƙasa ƙwarai, wanda shine 2.2% na masu shan sigari da kuma 0.6% na sigari mara hayaki masu amfani. Taba-musamman nitrosamines ne babban carcinogens a taba. Healthungiyar lafiyar ta Burtaniya ta kuma bayyana cewa idan aka kwatanta da sigari na gargajiya, zai iya rage haɗarin lafiya da aƙalla 95%. Ana iya cewa rikice-rikice tsakanin buƙatun kiwon lafiya na masu amfani da sigari na gargajiya da wuraren ciwo na dakatar da shan sigari an warware su ta wani fanni babba.

Pan Helin, babban daraktan Cibiyar Tattalin Arziki na Dijital na Jami'ar Zhongnan na Tattalin Arziki da Shari'a, ya ce fasalin "rage cutarwa" na sigarin e-sigari shi ne babban darajarsa, kuma kasuwa tana da irin wannan buƙata, don haka ci gabanta yana da sauri cikin sauri . Kuma Yao Jianming, farfesa a Makarantar Kasuwanci ta Jami'ar Renmin ta kasar Sin, ya ce kayayyakin sigari na zamani suna da matukar kirkirar tunani kuma ana iya aiwatar da su a zahiri a aikace, wanda kuma yake da amfani ga al'umma.

Sigari na E-sigari na iya rage farashin kuɗin likita

Cututtuka da nauye-nauyen tattalin arziki da shan sigari ke haifarwa koyaushe sun kasance abin da hankalin jama'a yake. Dangane da rahoton 2018 na Action for Smoking and Health in the United Kingdom, kudin Burtaniya na shekara-shekara saboda shan sigari ya kai fam biliyan 12.6, gami da Hukumar Kiwon Lafiya ta Burtaniya (NHS) don kudin magani da kiwon lafiya na kimanin fam biliyan 2.5.

A Amurka, bisa ga "Abinda ake kashewa na Kiwon Lafiya na shekara-shekara Abinda ke Shafar Sigari: An Sabunta" labarin da aka buga a 2014 ta American Journal of Preventive Medicine, wani binciken da aka yi game da kashe-kashen kiwon lafiya daga 2006 zuwa 2010 ya gano cewa 8.7% na kashe-kashen kiwon lafiya na shekara-shekara a Amurka na iya zama Mai halayyar shan sigari, har zuwa dala biliyan 170 a kowace shekara; fiye da kashi 60% na abubuwan kashe kuɗi ana biyan su ta hanyar shirye-shiryen jama'a.

A kasar Sin, wani rahoto da Cibiyar Nazarin Raya Lafiya ta Kasa ta Hukumar Kiwon Lafiyar ta nuna cewa nauyin tattalin arziki na cututtukan da ke da nasaba da taba a cikin kasata a shekarar 2018 ya kai yuan tiriliyan 3.8, kwatankwacin kashi 4.12% na GDP na shekarar; daga ciki, kashi 83.35% ya kasance nauyin tattalin arziki kai tsaye, ma'ana, zamantakewar Rashin hasara na aiki, gami da tawaya da mutuwa da wuri.

A lokaci guda, cututtukan da ke da alaƙa da taba suna cinye kusan 15% na albarkatun likitancin ƙasata. Idan ana ɗaukarsa azaman cuta, to ana iya zuwa na biyu.

Sabili da haka, ta hanyar rage adadin masu amfani da sigari na gargajiya ta hanyar sigarin e-sigari, sakamakon biyan kuɗin likita da sauran tsada na zamantakewar jama'a zai ragu yadda yakamata. Healthungiyar Kiwon Lafiya ta Burtaniya ta gano cewa sigari na e-sigari na iya ƙara yawan nasarar dakatar da shan sigari da kusan 50%. Wannan shine dalilin da ya sa Burtaniya ke da kyakkyawan ra'ayi game da samfuran sigari fiye da Amurka. Kingdomasar Ingila da Amurka sune manyan masu amfani da sigarin lantarki a duniya. Kingdomasar Burtaniya tana tallafawa sigari na e-sigari a matsayin samfuri ga masu shan sigari na gargajiya don barin shan sigari ko rage lahani na sigarin gargajiya.

"Sarkar masana'antu + alama ce" mai ƙafa biyu don haɓaka ƙimar masana'antu

Daga hangen nesa game da ci gaban duniya, sikelin kasuwar e-cigare na ci gaba da faɗaɗawa kuma rabonsa na ci gaba da ƙaruwa. Manyan manyan kamfanonin taba a duniya, Philip Morris International, British American Taba, Japan Taba, da Taba Imperial sun mamaye kasuwa ta hanyar saya da kuma fitar da wasu nau'ikan na ta; a halin yanzu, kayayyakin sigari na e-cigare (gami da sigari na e-sigari, H-e-sigari na HNB) suna yin asusu na yawan kuɗaɗen shiga An kai 18.7%, 4.36%, 3.17%, 3.56% bi da bi, wanda ke nuna tashin hankali.

Kodayake masana'antar sigari ta Sigari ta China ta fara ne da wuri, amma tana da fa'idodi a cikin masana'antar. Kamfanonin sigari na E-cigare na cikin cikakkiyar matsayi a tsakiya da babba na sarkar masana'antu. A halin yanzu, sun kirkiro da cikakkiyar sarkar masana'antu daga masu samar da kayayyakin amfanin gona zuwa sama don tsara zane-zanen sigari da masana'antun, da kamfanonin tallace-tallace na kasa. Wannan yana taimakawa ga saurin samfuran kamfanonin e-cigare na kasar Sin da kuma fahimtar hanyar samarwa da ke haɗa R&D, ƙira da samarwa.

A lokaci guda, saboda fasahar e-sigar a bayyane take ta hanyar fasaha da kayayyaki, kuma kamfanonin kasar Sin sun fi mai da hankali ga kwarewar masarufi, wannan zai iya zama wani abu har ya zama fa'idodi na samfuran sigari na kasar Sin, wanda zai iya sauri fahimci amfani a matakan tattalin arziki daban-daban da mahalli na al'ada a ƙasashen ƙetare. Bukatu. Yao Jianming ya yi imanin cewa, shigar da kayayyaki zuwa ƙasashen duniya dole ne ya fara dacewa da halaye na cikin gida, al'ada, al'ada, da dai sauransu, don buɗe kasuwar duniya.

Ga waɗancan kamfanonin sigari na Sigari na Sinawa waɗanda suka canza daga kamfanonin Intanet, ƙwarewar mai amfani ne zai iya jagorantar su, suna da ƙwarewa game da haɗin kan masana'antu, kuma samfuran su na iya samun saurin ci gaba, wanda hakan ya dace da faɗaɗa kasuwannin duniya. A halin yanzu, RELX, jagora a wannan fagen a cikin ƙasar Sin, yana da kuɗin shiga na ƙetaren ƙasashen waje da kashi 25% na jimlar kuɗin shiga kuma har yanzu yana ci gaba.

Sabili da haka, ba kamar nau'ikan wayoyi irin su Xiaomi da Huawei ba, waɗanda ke iya ƙirƙirar fa'idodi iri iri ta hanyar kasuwar masarufi ta cikin gida da kuma taron jama'a kafin su tafi ƙasashen ƙetare, sigar e-sigar ta China ba ta da irin waɗannan halaye a ƙarƙashin tasirin siyasa. Idan a cikin wannan yanayin, idan sarrafawa ta dace, kuma alamar sigari ta sigari ta kasar Sin har yanzu tana iya gina ƙirar ƙirar ƙirar ƙirar ƙirar ƙetaren waje, zai zama kyakkyawan tunani ga sauran kamfanonin Sinawa su tafi ƙasashen waje.

Ta wannan hanyar, dogaro kan "sarkar masana'antu" iri "mai ƙafafu biyu zai sami nasarar haɓaka darajar sigarin sigari na Sinawa a cikin sashin masana'antun duniya.

Taimako mai dacewa don alamun sigari na lantarki don haɓaka ƙimar kasuwancin ƙasashen waje

Dangane da matsayin sarkar masana'antu na musamman na kasar Sin, kasuwar sigari ta yau da kullun ta samar da sifa ta "An yi ta a China, Amfani a Turai da Amurka". A shekarar 2018, sigarin lantarki da aka yi a China ya kai sama da 90% na jimillar duniya, kuma kashi 80% daga cikinsu an sayar da su zuwa kasuwannin Turai da Amurka. Dangane da bayanan Leyi, a cikin shekarar 2019, jimillar kasashe da yankuna 218 a duk duniya sun sayi taba sigari daga kasar Sin, kuma darajar fitarwa ta kasar Sin ta kai yuan biliyan 76.585.