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Tabbatar da Shekaru

Don amfani da gidan yanar gizon Alphagreenvape dole ne ku cika shekaru 21 ko sama da haka. Da fatan za a tabbatar shekarunku kafin shiga shafin.

Muna amfani da kukis don haɓaka rukunin yanar gizonmu da ƙwarewar ku ta bincika shi. Ta hanyar ci gaba da bincika rukunin yanar gizon mu kun yarda da manufofin cookie ɗin mu.

Yi haƙuri, ba a ba da izinin shekarunku ba.

Cochrane, kungiyar likitocin duniya masu iko: E-sigari na da tasirin daina shan sigari, kuma tasirin yana maye gurbin sauran magani

A ranar 15 ga watan Oktoba, Cochrane Collaboration (Cochrane Collaboration, wanda ake kira Cochrane a nan gaba), wata kungiyar bayar da izini ta ilimi a duniya, ta nuna a cikin binciken ta na baya-bayan nan cewa an gudanar da manya 50 a kan fiye da manya 10,000 masu shan sigari a duniya Nazarin yana da ya tabbatar da cewa sigarin e-cigare na da tasirin dakatar da shan sigari, da kuma tasirin ci gaba da maye gurbin nicotine da sauran hanyoyin.

Cochrane ya nuna cewa sakamakon amfani da sigarin e-sigari don barin shan sigari ya fi kyau fiye da amfani da maganin maye gurbin nicotine da sigari e-sigari waɗanda ke keɓance nicotine.

Farfesa Peter Hajek, marubucin marubucin nazarin Cochrane kuma darakta a rukunin bincike na Dogaro da Taba sigari a Jami’ar Sarauniya Mary ta Landan, ya ce: “Wannan sabon bayyani na sigarin e-siga ya nuna cewa ga yawancin masu shan sigari, sigari sigar kayan aiki ne mai tasiri ga daina shan taba. Yana da mahimmanci a san cewa, Har zuwa shekaru biyu, babu ɗayan waɗannan binciken da ya samo wata shaida cewa amfani da sigari na lantarki ya haifar da illa ga mutane. ”

Idan aka kwatanta da sauran jiyya, sigarin e-cigar yana da yawan dakatar da shan sigari.

An kafa shi a cikin 1993, Cochrane ƙungiya ce mai zaman kanta mai suna don tunawa da Archiebald L. Cochrane, wanda ya kafa magungunan shaidun shaida. Hakanan ita ce babbar ƙungiyar ilimin likita mai ƙarfi a cikin duniya. Ya zuwa yanzu, tana da masu sa kai sama da 37,000 a cikin sama da ƙasashe 170. Daya.

Abin da ake kira magani na tushen shaida, wato, magani bisa dogaro da shaidu, ya sha bamban da na gargajiyar gargajiya wanda ya danganci ilimin likitanci. Mahimman shawarwarin likitanci ya kamata su dogara da mafi kyawun shaidar binciken kimiyya. Sabili da haka, binciken likitanci na shaida zai iya yin babban gwajin gwaji na asibiti, sake dubawa na yau da kullun, zane-zane, sannan raba matakin shaidar da aka samu bisa ga mizanai, wanda yake da tsauri sosai.

A cikin wannan binciken, Cochrane ya samo bincike guda 50 daga kasashe 13 da suka hada da Amurka da Ingila, wadanda suka hada da manya masu shan sigari 12,430. An nuna cewa tare da amfani da maganin maye gurbin nicotine (kamar facin nicotine, nicotine gum) ko maki na e-sigari da ke keɓe nicotine, yawancin mutane suna amfani da sigarin e-sigari don barin shan sigari aƙalla watanni shida.

 

Reuters ya ruwaito sakamakon cikakken binciken Cochrane: "Binciken da aka gano: an jera shi a cikin gum ko faci, sigarin e-sigari ya fi tasiri wajen barin shan sigari."

Ayyadadden bayanan, wanda aka lissafa cikin cikakkiyar magana, 10 cikin kowane mutum 100 da suka daina shan sigari ta amfani da sigarin e-cigar na iya yin nasarar daina shan sigari; a cikin kowane mutum 100 da suka daina amfani da maganin maye gurbin niko ko sigari waɗanda ke keɓance nicotine, mutane 6 ne kawai za su iya yin nasarar daina shan sigari, idan aka kwatanta da sauran jiyya, sigarin e-sigari na da matakin dainawa.

Wannan labarin, daya daga cikin marubutan binciken, Farfesa Caitlin Notley na Makarantar Koyon Magunguna ta Jami'ar East Anglia ta Norwich School of Medicine a Burtaniya, ya ce: “Daya daga cikin dabarun da suka fi amfani da yaduwa don taimakawa mutane su daina shan sigari shi ne kawar da shan sigari- sha'awar sha'awa. E-sigari da gumis na nicotine da lambobi Wakilin ya bambanta. Yana kwaikwayon kwarewar shan sigari kuma yana iya ba masu shan sigari nikotin, amma baya fallasa masu amfani da wasu ga hayaƙin taba sigar gargajiya.

Yarjejeniyar kimiyya akan sigarin e-sigari ita ce, kodayake sigarin e-sigari ba shi da haɗari gaba ɗaya, amma sun fi cutarwa nesa ba kusa ba. "Theungiyar ictionungiyar baccowayar Taba ta Cochrane" ta bayyana cewa "shaidun da ke akwai sun nuna cewa sigarin e-sigari da sauran maye gurbin nicotine yana ƙaruwa da damar cin nasarar shan sigari cikin nasara." Jamie Hartmann-Boyce ya ce. Ita ma ɗayan manyan marubutan binciken ne.

Yawancin karatu sun tabbatar: Mutane miliyan 1.3 a Burtaniya sun yi nasarar daina shan sigari da sigarin e-sigari

A zahiri, ban da Cochrane, da yawa daga cikin cibiyoyin ilimin likitanci masu iko a duniya an canza su zuwa taken da ya dace na "dakatar da shan sigari mafi kyau" a matakai daban-daban.

Masu bincike daga Jami’ar New York da ke Amurka sun gano cewa idan aka kwatanta da masu amfani da shi wadanda ba su taba shan sigarin e-sigari ba, amfani da sigarin e-cigar na iya taimakawa masu shan sigari a cikin gajeren lokaci (

Tun a farkon shekarar da ta gabata, wani bincike mai zaman kansa da Jami’ar Kwalejin Landan (Jami’ar Kwalejin Landan) ta yi nuni da cewa sigarin e-sigari na taimaka wa masu shan sigari dubu 50 zuwa 70,000 a Burtaniya su daina shan sigari a kowace shekara. Rahoton na baya-bayan nan daga Ma'aikatar Kiwon Lafiyar Jama'a ta Burtaniya kuma ya nuna cewa aƙalla mutane miliyan 1.3 sun daina shan sigari kwata-kwata saboda sigarin e-sigari.

Sakamakon binciken da Jami'ar Kwalejin Landan ta wallafa a fitacciyar mujallar ilimi ta Adddi ta nuna cewa sigarin e-sigari ya taimaka wa akalla masu shan sigari 'yan Burtaniya dubu 50 barin shan sigari cikin nasara a shekara.

Game da damuwar jama'a game da illolin shan sigari, John Britton, Farfesa Emeritus na Magungunan Magungunan numfashi a Jami'ar Nottingham, Burtaniya, ya ce: "Tasirin dogon lokaci kan lafiyar sigarin e-sigar na bukatar tabbaci na dogon lokaci, amma duk wata shaida a yanzu ta nuna cewa duk wani mummunan tasirin da ke tattare da sigarin e-siga ya fi karanci sigari.

Kafin da bayan bibiyar shekaru biyu, ba a sami wata hujja da ke nuna cewa sigari na lantarki yana cutar da jikin mutum ba.


Post lokaci: Jan-14-2021